nicole r chapter 3 vocabulary

Question Answer
root that begins growth from the stem of a plant or a leaf Adventitious root
flowering plants that produce seeds protected in a fruit or a pod,such as apples or beans angiosperm
plant that completes its life cycle in one year or growing season. annual
part of a flower that produces pollen anther
condition created by hormones in the apical meristem that preventd lateral buds from developing. apical dominance
the primary growing point in the terminal bud apical meristem
plant that completes its life cycle in two years or growing seasons. biennial
plants with wide, flat leaves. broadleaf plant
plant structure that contains undeveloped leaves stems and flowers buds
plant strucure that cover and protect undeveloped parts bud scale
all of the sepals of a flower calyx
layer of cell where cell divison and plant growth occur cambium
a flower with four parts: sepal, petals, stamens,and pistal complete flower
leaf composed of petiole and two or more leaf blades called leaflets compound leaf
endosperm cells with a waxy coating that prevents excessive water loss. cuticle
woody perennial plant that loses its leaves in the fall. deciduous
a class of flowering plants; oaks,cacti,roses,and soybeens are examples dicot
plant species with male and female flowers on diffrent plants dioecious
protective layer of cell on the outside of leaves and other organs. epidermis
plants that keep there leaves year round evergreen
root system consitsting of numerous slender roots. fibrous root system
stalk part of of the stamen that holds the anther in a flower filament
reproductive organ of a plant flower
pair of cellsthat regulate the opening and closing of stomata guard cell
plants that have seeds not protected by fruit,such as pine cones gymnosperm
plants with tolerance for cold weather hardy
soft stems of some perennial plants that are killed by frost herbaceouse
a flower that lacks a stamen or pistal imperfect flower
a flower that lacks anyone of the four parts of a complete flower incomplete flower
buds that are located along the sides of th stem where the leaves are attached lateral bud
large broud part of a leaf leaf blade
two or more leaf blades leaflet
plant organs responsible for food production for the plant leaves
time required for a plant to grow form the begining till it dies life cycle
tissue in the middle layer of a leaf that conducts photosynthesis mesophyll
plants that have both male and female flowrs separatly, such as corn monecious
a class of flowering plants including lilies, grasses, corn, and palms monocot
plants with needles or scale-shapped leaves narrowleaf plant
the part of a flower that contains one or more ovules where egss are produced and seeds develop; the ovary becomes a fruit- apples are ripened ovaries. ovary
layer of cells below the upper epidermis in a leaf palisade layer
plant with a life cycle of more then two years perennial
a flower that has both a stamen and a pistal, the two parts involved in fertilization perfect flower
leaf – like colorful parts of a flower petal
leaf stalk; connecting structure between leaf bla petiole
plant tissue that transports food made in the leaves to the remainder of the plant phloem
femal part of the flower that contains the stigma style and ovary pistil
produced by the anther in the flower of a plant; contains male sex cells pollen
the major root of a plant; the first root developed by a seed to anchor the plant and absorb water and nutrients primary root
specicalized cells at the tips of the roots that protect them as they grow through the soil root cap
tiny root structuers that increase the are for absorbing water. root hair
small branches formed on primary roots secandary root
green , leaf like structuers that protect a flower untilit opens sepal
leaf with a singal blade and petiole simple leaf
loosely arranged layer of cells between the palisade layer and mesophll in a leaf spongy layer
male reproductive parts of a flower made of filaments and anthers to produce pollen stamen
sticky part of a pistal where pollen is collected stigma
pores or openings in the leaf that allow the exchanging of oygen, carbon, and water vapor stomata
neck part of a flower pistal that connects the stigma and the ovary style
a root system with one thick, main root that grows straight down tap root system
large bud at the tip of a twig terminal bud
movement of water through stomata out of a plant transpiration
layer of cambium between the xylem and phyloem vascular cambium
stems of some perennials plant that are not killed by frost and survived from one yeat to the next, with trees being an example woody
plant tissue that transports water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves xylem

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