Mr. Adam B. Chapter 3 vocabulary

Question Answer
Adventitous Root Root that begins growth from the stem of a plant or a leaf.
Angiosperm Flowering plants that produce seed protected in a fruit or pod,such as apples or beans.
Annual Plant that completes its life cycle in one year or growing season.
Anther Part of the flower that produces flower.
Apical Dominance Condition made by hormons in the apical meristem that prevents lateral buds from developing
Apical Meristem The primary growing point in the terminal bud.
Biennial Plant that completes ots life cycle in two years or growing season.
Broadleaf Plant Plants with wide, flat leafs
Buds Plant structure that contains undeveloped leaves, stems and flowers
Bud Scale Plant structure that cover and protect undeveloped parts.
Calyx All of the sepals of a flower.
cambium Layers of cells where cell division and plant growth ocur.
Complete Flower A flower with four parts sepals, petals,stamens and pistil
Compound leaf leaf composed of petiole and two or more leaf blades called leaflets
Cuticle epideermis cells with a waxy coating that prevents excessive water loss
Deciduous Woody perennial plant that loses its leaves in the fall.
Dicot A class of flowering plants oaks cacti roses and soybeans are examples.
Dioecious Plant species with male and female flowers on different plants
Epidermis Protective layer of cells on the outside of leaves and other organs.
Evergreen Plants that keep their leaves year round
Fibrous root system Root system consisting of numerous slender roots.
Filament Stalk part of the stamen that holds the anther in a flower.
Flower Reproductive organ of a plant
Guard Cell pair of cells that regulate the opening and closing of stomata
Gymnosprem plants that have seeds not protected by fruit such as pine cones
Hardy Plants with tolerance for cold weather
herbaceous soft stems of some perennial plants that are killed by frost.
Imperfect flower a flower that lacs a stamen or pistil
Incomplete flower a flower that lacs any one of the four parts of a complete flower
Lateral bud buds located along the sides of stems where the leaves are attached
leaf blade large brood part of a leaf
leaflet two or more leaf blades
leaves plant organs responsible for food production
life cycle time requrid for a plant to grow from its begining till it dies
mesophyll tissue in the middle layer of a leaf thatconducts photosynthesis
monecious plants that have both male and female flowers sepearatley such as corn
Monocot class of flowering plant includes lilies grassws corn and palms
narrowleaf plant plants with needle or scale shaped leafs
ovary part of flower where eggs are produced and seeds devolp ovory becomes a fruit
palisade layer layer of cells below upper edermis in a leaf
perennial plant with a life cycle of more then two years
perfect flower a plant with essential and accessory organs.
petal leaf like colorful part of flower
petiole leaf stalk connecting structre between leaf blade and flower
phloem tissue that transport food from the leafs to the remainder of the plant
pistil female part of the flower that contains the sitgma stle and ovary
pollen produced by the anther in the flower of a plant contains the male and female parts
primary root mayjor root of a plant frist root developed by a seed to anchor the plant and absorb water
root cap specialized cell on the tips of roots that protect them as they grow through the soil
root hair tiny root structures that incress the area for asborbing water
secondary root small branchs fromed on secondary root
sepal green leaf like structures that protects a flower
simple leaf leaf with a single blade and petel
spongy layer loosely arranged layer of cells between the polisade layer and mesophily in a leaf
stamen male reproductive parts of a flower made of filaments dwarf and dwolf
stigma sticky part of a flower pistil where ploolen is collected
stamen opening in the leaf that allow oxygen co2 and water
style part of a flower pistal that connects the stigma and ovory
TAP ROOT SYSTEM root system with one thick main root that grows striaght down
terminal bud large bud at the tip of a twig
transpiration movement of water viper through stomata and out of a plant
vasculor cambium layer of combium between the xylem and phloem
woody perennial plants that are not killed by frost and survive from one year to the next with trees being an example
xylem plant tissue that transport water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves

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