Medical Terminology 01

Question Answer
aden/o gland
arter/o artery
arthr/o joint
blephar/o eyelid
bol/o to cast, to throw
bronch/o bronchus
cib/o meals
cis/o to cut
col/o, colon/o colon
cutane/o skin
cyst/o bladder
dermat/o skin
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestine
esophag/o esophagus
eti/o cause
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tounge
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
iatr/o treatment
idi/o unknown
laryng/o larynx
later/o side
log/o study of
lymph/o lymph
mening/o meninx
myos/o muscle
necr/o death
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
opthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
oxysm/o sudden
path/o disease
peritone/o peritoneum
pharyng/o throat
phleb/o vein
pneumon/o lung
prandi/o meal
rhin/o nose
sect/o to cut
splen/o spleen
synov/o synovia; sheath(around tendon)
ten/o, tendon/o tendon
trache/o trachea
ana- up
ante- before
bi- two
cata- down
contra- against, opposite
endo- within
ex-, exo- out, away from
in- into
meta- change
para- beside; abnormal
per- through
peri- around
post- after
pro- before, forward
re- again, back
retro- backward, behind
sub- below, beneath
uni- one
-al, -ic, -tic pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-gen producing
-genesis production of
-ion process
-ism process
-lapse slide, fall, sag
-logy study of
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
-osis condition of
-ous pertaining to
-pathy disease condition
-ptosis prolapse, drooping
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy visual examination
adenitis inflammation of a gland
arteritis inflammation of an artery
arthritis inflammation of a joint
bronchitis inflammation of a bronchus
colitis inflammation of the colon
cystitis inflammation of the (urinary) bladder
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
enteritis inflammation of (small) intestines
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
esophalitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
glossitis inflammation of the tongue
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph gland (node)
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
myositis inflammation of a muscle
nephritis inflammation of the kidneys
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
osteitis inflammation of a bone
pharyngitis inflammation of the throat
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
pneumonitis inflammation of a lung
rhinitis inflammation of the nasal epithelium
splenitis inflammation of the spleen
tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
tenosynovitis inflammation of a tendon sheath
tracheitis inflammation of the trachea
unilateral pertaining to one side only
bilateral pertaining to two (or both) sides
contralateral pertaining to the opposite side
ipsilateral pertaining to the same side, such as an ipsilateral reflex where the stimulus and muscle activation occur on the same side of the body
ante cibum before meals (abbr. = 'a.c.')
postprandial pertaining to after meals
adenopathy a disease of the gland
adenoma a tumor – usually benign – of a gland
blepharoptosis a drooping of the upper eyelid, often referred to simply as 'ptosis'
ptosis used alone to indicate blepharoptosis, or dropping of the upper eyelid
endoscope an optical instrument to look within, or examine the interior of, a cavity or hollow structure/organ
endoscopy the process of using an optical instrument to visually examine the interior of a structure or organ
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope)
exophthalmos a condition characterized by protruding eyeballs due to the deposition of fibrous matter behind them. Aka exophthalmia
etiology study of the cause (of an illness)
excision the process of cutting out (removing from the body)
incision process of cutting into
resection operation where organs are cut back or removed
febrile of, related to, or characterized by, fever
florid fully developed; manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome. E.g., florid adolescent acne, florid schizophrenia
fulminant developing, or processing suddenly, rapidly, and with great severity or intensity
histology the study of tissue
iatrogenic produced by treatment, e.g. side-effect
idiopathic a disease whose cause is unknown nor understood
metabolism total of the chemical process in a cell; = anabolism + catabolism
anabolism process whereby complex materials are formed from simpler material
catabolism process whereby complex materials are broken into simpler materials
percutaneous pertaining to through the skin; implies movement through
transcutaneous pertaining to through or across the skin; implies statically extending throughout the entire thickness of the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to beneath the skin
necrosis a condition of death of tissue or cells
necrotic pertaining to death (of cells or tissues)
nosocomial pertaining to hospitals; hospital-acquired, as in an infection acquired while in the hospital, e.g., nonsocomial infection
palliative pertaining to a form of treatment which will relieve or alleviate symptoms without curing
parenchyma the essential cells or tissues of an organ; the cells/tissue which carry out the essential functions of that organ
stroma the framework of an organ, usually composed of connective tissue
paroxysmal pertaining to sudden occurrence, such as a spasm or seizure
paracentesis surgical puncture of a body cavity for fluid removal; umbrella term for all of the 'centesis' procedures
pathology the study of disease
pathogenesis the production of disease
pathological pertaining to the study of disease
pathogenic pertaining to the production of disease; disease producing
pathognomonic distinctly characteristic or diagnostic of a specific condition or disease. e.g., exopthalmia is a pathognomonic of Grave's disease
peritoneal pertaining to the serous membrane which surrounds most of the abdominal viscera
retroperitoneal pertaining to behind the peritoneum, i.e., organs or structures lying behind (posterior to 0 the peritoneum
prodrome to run before, i.e., prodromal symptoms appear before the actual illness and signal its onset
prolapse to slide or sag forward or downward, as an organ doing this
purulent containing pus
suppurative pertaining to the formation or discharge of pus
prone lying on belly (face down)
supine lying on back (face up)
pyrexia fever

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