Liam K Ch. 3 vocab

Question Answer
root that begins growth from the stem of a plant or leaf adventitous root
flowering plants that produce seed protected in a fruit or pod, such as apples or beans angiosperms
plant that completes its life cycle in one year or growing season annual
part of a flower that produces pollen anther
condition created by hormones in the apical meristem that prevents lateral buds from developing apical dominance
the primary growing point in the terminal bud apical meristem
plant that completes its life cycle in 2 years or growning seasons biennial
plants with hide, flat leaves broadleaf plants
plant structure that contains undeveloped leaves, stems, and/ or flowers buds
plant structures that cover and protect undeveloped plants bud scales
all of the sepals of a flower calyx
layer of cells where cell division and a plant groth occur cambium
a flower woth four parts: sepals, petals, stamens, pistil complete flower
leaf composed of petiole and two or more leaf blades called leaflets compound leaf
epidermis cells with a waxy coating that prevents excessive water loss cuticle
woody perennial plant that loses its leaves in the fall deciduous
a class of flowering plants; oaks , cacti, roses, and soybeans are examples dicot
plant species with male and female flowers on different plants dioecious
protective layer of cells on the outside of leaves and other organs epidermis
plants that keep their leaves year round evergreen
root system consisting of numerous slender roots fibous root system
stalk part of the stamen that holds the anther in a flower filament
reproductive organ of a plant flower
pair of cells that regulate the opening and closing of stomata guard cells
plants that have seeds not protected by fruit, such as pine trees gymnosperm
plants with tolerence for cold weather hardy
soft stems of some perennial plants that are kille dby frost herbaceous
a flower that lacks any one of the four parts of a complete flower incomplete flower
buds located along the sides of stems where the leaves are attached lateral bud
large broad part of the leaf leaf blade
two or more leaf blades leaflet
plant organs responsible for food production for the plant leaves
time required for a plant to its beggining until it dies life cycle
tissue in the middle layer of a leaf that conducts photosynthesis mesophyll
plants that have both male and female flowers separetely, such as corn. monecious
a class of flowering plants includes lilies, grasses,corn and palms monocot
plants with needles or scale-shaped leaves narrowleaf plant
the part of a flower that contains one or more ovules where eggs are produced and seeds develop; the ovary becomes a fruit–apples are ripened ovaries ovary
layer of cells below the upper epidermis in a leaf palisade layer
plant with a life cycle of more than 2 years perennial
a flower that has both a stamen and a pistil, the 2 parts involved in fertilization perfect flower
leaflike colorful parts of a flower petal
leaf stalk; connecting structure between leaf blade and plant stem petiole
plant tissue that transports food made in the leaves to the remainder of the plant, including the root and stem phloem
female part of a flower that contains the stigma, style and ovary pistil
produced by the anther in the flower of a plant;contains male sex cells pollen
the major root of a plant the first root developed by a seed to anchor the plant and absorb water and nutreints primary root
specialized cells on the tips of roots that protect them as they grow through the soil root cap
tiny root structures that increase the area for absorbing water root hairs
small branches formed on primary roots secondary root
green, leaflike structures that protect a flower until it opens sepal
leaf with a single blade and petiole simple leaf
loosly arranged layer of cells between the palisade layer and mesophyll in a leaf spongy layer
male reproductive parts of a flower made of filiments and anthers to produce pollen stamen
sticky part of a flower pistil where pollen is collected stigma
pores or openings in a leaf that allow the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide,and water vapor stomata
neck part of a flower pistil that connects the stigma and the ovary style
a root system with one thick, main root that grows strait down tap root system
large bud at the top of a twig terminal bud
movement of water vapor through stomata and out of a plant transpiration
layer of cambium between the xylem and phloem vascular cambium
stems of some perennial plants that are not killed by frost and survive from one year to the next, with trees being an example woody
plant tissue that transports water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves xylem

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *