cset multi

Question Answer
alluvium loose sediment deposited by a stream
aquifer a bed of rock permeable to underground water
atmospheric pressure the pressure exerted by the weight of the air lying directly above the area; at sea level, about 15 lbs. per square inch
basalt an igneous rock formed from lava
cloud a collection of tiny water or ice droplets sufficiently numerous to be seen
coal a rock composed of partly decayed and compressed plant material
conglomerate a sedimentary rock consisting of pebbles cemented together
continental drift the hypothesis of continents moving laterally
crust the thin outer zone of the earth above the mantle
cyclone a low-pressure area around which winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere
delta a triangular deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river
erosion the removal of rock debris by water, ice, and wind
evaporation the process by which a liquid changes to a gas; specifically, when water changes to water vapor
extrusive igneous rock of volcanic origin
fault a planar break in rock along which displacement has occurred
fold bent or warped rock layers
front the boundary between two air masses of different temperature; a common site for cloud formation and precipitation
geothermal energy heat obtained from hot water or steam within the earth
igneous rock formed by the solidification of molten rock material
intrusive igneous rock crystallized beneath the surface of the earth
karst pitted topography due to solution of limestone
laterite iron-rich soil caused by tropical weathering
lava molten rock extruded from a volcano
limestone sedimentary rock composed of calcium carbonate
lithification the consolidation of loose sediment
lithology rock type
magma molten rock within the earth
mantle the zone of the earth between the core and the crust
metamorphic rock formed by the transformation, under high temperature and pressure, of older sedimentary or igneous rock
mineral a naturally occurring inorganic chemical compound
paleontology the science of fossil life
permafrost ground that is frozen throughout the year
petroleum a liquid fuel from the transformation of plant and animal remains
plutonic igneous rock that has crystallized beneath the earth's surface, as opposed to volcanic rock
precipitation any form of water, whether liquid or solid particles, that falls from the atmosphere; rain, sleet, snow, or hail
rainbow a circular arc of colored bands produced by the refraction and reflection of sunlight by a sheet of raindrops. The sun must be behind the observer
sedimentary rock formed by deposition at the earth's surface
specific gravity relative density;the density of a substance divided by the density of water, which therefore has a specific gravity of 1
stalactite a cone of calcarous rock hanging fromt he roof of a cavern
stalagmite a pillar of calcareous rock rising from the floor of a cavern
strata layers of sedimentary rock;singular form is stratum
stratosphere the atmospheric shell above the troposphere; the stratosphere extends from 6 to 30 miles above the earth's surface
syncline the trough of a rock fold
tectonic refers to movements of the earth's crust
troposphere the lowest six miles of the atmosphere, characterized by temperature decreasing with height
water table the upper limit of groundwater, below which all pores in the rocks are filled with water
weathering the physical and chemical destruction of rock by the atmosphere

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