CHD study. Single ventricle lesions

Question Answer
Anatomically single ventricle single ventricle is defined as the presence of two atrio-ventricular valves with one ventricular chamber or a large dominant ventricle associated with a diminutive opposing ventricle.The term double-inlet ventricle is also used to describe these anomalies
Tricuspid atresia atresia of the tricuspid valve, an interatrial communication, and, frequently, hypoplasia of the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. There is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve
atresia condition in which a body orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent
aortic atresia absence of the normal valvular opening from the left ventricle of the heart into the aorta.
mitral atresia mitral valve is closed off or absent
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome the aorta and left ventricle are very small, and the aortic and mitral valves are either too small to allow sufficient blood flow or are atretic (closed) altogether.
functionally single ventricle refer to anatomically single ventricle

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