BJU 6th Science – Chapter 11

Question Answer
photosphere the surface of the Sun
chromosphere the atmosphere of the Sun; located above the Sun’s surface
corona the outermost part of the Sun; located above the Sun’s chromosphere
sunspot dark spot on the surface of the Sun; seems to be related to magnetic storms
facula a bright cloud of gas on the Sun’s surface; usually accompanies sunspots (plural-faculae)
solar flare a temporary flash created by solar storms that explode from the Sun’s surface
solar prominence a huge stream of gas that extends out past the Sun’s atmosphere into the Sun’s corona; it glows for days or weeks
solar wind electrically charged particles from the Sun, carried from the Sun to Earth’s atmosphere
aurora the light show near Earth’s Poles that is caused by the solar wind and Earth’s magnetic field
revolution each complete orbit a planet makes around the Sun
axis an imaginary line from the north pole to the south pole through the center of the planet around which a planet rotates
rotation the turn of a planet around its axis
terrestrial planet a rocky, dense planet
satellite any object that rotates around another body in space
solar eclipse an eclipse in which the Moon passes between the sun and Earth
totality the event that occurs when a celestial body completely eclipses another celestial body
lunar eclipse an eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes through Earth’s shadow
probe an unmanned space craft that is controlled from Earth
International Space Station a facility that orbits Earth and is maintained and used by astronauts from sixteen different countries (the ISS)
dehydrated the water has been removed (as in food for astronauts)

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