bethpchapter 3 vocab

Question Answer
adventitious root root that begins growth from the stem of a plant or a leaf.
angiosperm flowering plants that produce seed protected in a fruit or pod, such as apples or beans.
annual plant that completes its life cycle in one year or growing season.
anther part of a flowe that produces pollen.
apical dominance condition created by hormones in the apical meristem that prevents lateral buds from developing.
apical meristem the primary growing point in the terminal bud.
biennial plant that completes its life cycle in two years or growing seasons.
broadleaf plants plants with wide, flat leaves.
buds plant structure that contains undeveloped leaves, stems, and/or flowers.
bud scale plant structures that cover and protect undeveloped parts.
calyx all of the sepals of a flower.
cambium layer of cells where cell division and plant growth occur.
complete flower flower with four parts: sepals, petals, stamens, and pistil.
compound leaf leaf composed of petiole and two or more leaf blades called leaflets.
cuticle epidermis cells with a waxy coating that prevents excessive water loss.
deciduous
diot a class of flowering plants; oaks, cacti, roses and soybeans are examples.
dioecious plant species with male and female flowers on differnt plants.
epidermis protective layer of cells on the outside of leaves and other organs.
evergreen plants that keep their leaves all year round.
fibrous root system root system consisting of numerous slender roots.
filament stalk part of the stamen that hold the anther in a flower.
flower reproductive organ of a plants.
guard cell
gymnosperm plants that have seeds not protected by fruit, such as pine cones.
epidermis protective layer of cells on the outside of leaves and other organs.
evergreen plants that keep their leaves all year round.
fibrous root system root system consisting of numerous slender roots.
filament stalk part of the stamen that hold the anther in a flower.
flower reproductive organ of a plants.
guard cell
gymnosperm plants that have seeds not protected by fruit, such as pine cones.

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